Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate that can be produced by various agents, principally bacterial infections. The diagnosis of prostatitis is complex and can be frustrating, both for the patient and for the pshysician, since in many cases the symptoms are non-specific and hard to control. There are several types of prostatitis, according to the symptoms and their origin.

Type I Prostatitis

This is an infection of the prostate appearing suddenly, that os, in an acute manner, caused by bacteria present in the urine. The patient may have burning pain while urinating, an increase in the frequency of urination, fever, pelvic pain, or urinary retention.

Type II Prostatitis

This refers to a long-standing prostate infection. It can be the consequence of acute prostatitis, generally seen in older patients and commonly caused by the same bacteria. In general, this infection only makes itlself known when it causes problems in urinating.

Type III Prostatitis

This type of prostatitis is also chronic, but it is not related to a bacterial infection. It could be described as chronic pelvic pain. This category represents more than 90% of the causes diagnoses as prostatitis.

The majority of the patients are younger than 50 years old and suffer from symptoms such as pain in genitals, pelvis, or perineum; discomfort while urinating; and, sometimes, sexual dysfunction, including pain after ejaculation.

Extract from Prostate Cancer: A Patient’s Guide.